Studies suggest that parents may dread financial conversations with children almost as much as the conversation about “the birds and the bees.” A 2018 study conducted by T. Rowe Price reveals that two-thirds of parents show reluctance in discussing money with children. Parents may find that it is only important to begin discussing finances when there is an immediate concern, such as a health crisis or an economic downturn. However, that is not the case. A keystone to growing up is independence and part of that is financial independence. A recent study shows that 64% of adults believe that by 22 years old one should be financially independent of their parents; but, only 24% of 22-year-olds are actually financially independent.
So, how do we create financially mature and independent adults? Teach them young. In today’s world, money has moved to the ether of numbers on a screen and plastic cards. We rarely use cash for daily transactions and checkbooks (or balancing them, for that matter) are a thing of the past. In the eyes of a child, it is becoming increasingly difficult to tangibly understand the value of a dollar. Realistically, it is becoming difficult for all of us to understand the value of a dollar. We must re-wire the way we think about money and then translate that to the next generation.
Parents have a unique responsibility of molding children’s development – particularly around their financial education. The T. Rowe Price study revealed that what children learn from parents (as opposed to financial literacy courses) strongly informs their financial decisions later in life. Parents revealed that the topics they wished their own parents had discussed with them were credit and financing, insurance, basic life budgeting skills, and investing. Using that as a baseline, it is suggested that these conversations begin early and become a central part of your relationship with your family.
Establish age-appropriate conversations and activities for your children. Here are some suggested age-appropriate methods. For young kids, you can make it fun, while also teaching them basic math skills. For children 6-10, help them understand the value of a dollar by creating ways for them to earn money. Once earned, they can decide how to spend and save money. Forgo the piggy bank and help them open a bank account. The earlier the better, because this is the new way of life and it is important for children to understand not only the value of a piece of paper, but the numbers on a screen. For pre-teens, help them learn budgeting for expenses such as activities with friends and extra-curricular. Give them allowances and see if it lasts. Introduce compounding interest and the importance of investing early. For late teens, teach about credit and the importance of maintaining good credit scores throughout life.
In addition to regular conversations and supporting strong habits, there are numerous online resources available for children and parents (provided below). It’s ok to not be an expert when it comes to finances. It is more important to instill an eagerness to learn within your children. That willingness to learn and grow will develop into great money habits and forge the way to a successful financial plan for your family. And as always, if you do not feel you have all the answers, please reach out to your financial advisor or a trusted source for more information. We are always here to help you and your families.
-FDIC’s Money Smart for Young People (includes activities and resources for parents of all ages) https://www.fdic.gov/consumers/consumer/moneysmart/young.html
-Credit Card Insider https://www.creditcardinsider.com/learn/
-Stock Market Game https://www.howthemarketworks.com/
-Payback – Game to teach about student loan debt https://www.timeforpayback.com/
-Practical Money Skills (games/age-appropriate discussions for children) http://www.practicalmoneyskills.com/learn/life_events/family_life/educating_your_children