Quarterly Commentary – Q1 2021

Who Controls Interest Rates?

The critically acclaimed news show 60 Minutes debuted in 1968 using a unique style of investigative journalism that was centered around the reporter telling the story (Wikipedia). Almost 53 years later, the show still brings in strong ratings. At Morton Capital, 60 Minutes used to be a hot topic around the proverbial water cooler (really the coffee machine) on Monday mornings, especially when stories focused on the financial markets. The water cooler may have migrated to Zoom, but the show is still a topic of conversation in 2021’s virtual world.

When Jerome Powell, the head of the Federal Reserve (“Fed”), was on the show in early April of this year, it posed a good opportunity to discuss certain trends in U.S. monetary policy. One of the more insightful questions that came up was from one of our newer team members. Having intently listened to our education sessions for several weeks, this team member was unclear as to how Mr. Powell could claim that the Fed was “highly unlikely” to raise interest rates in 2021 when just weeks earlier our investment team had been presenting on the big rise in rates during the first quarter. To address this disconnect between reality and what appeared on the news, let’s first take a closer look at what has happened to the market over the last few months.

 

Stocks Continued Their Ascent While Bonds Took a Hit in the First Quarter

The jump in interest rates that our investment team discussed led to a rare negative quarter for bonds in what was otherwise a stellar start to the year for risk assets.

Stocks continued their tremendous run from the lows of March 2020 as the vaccine rollout and projected economic growth accelerated. While there is certainly basis to be optimistic about rebounding economic growth in the short term, by many historical measures, stocks are in dangerously overvalued territory. Recent stock buying has reached a speculative fervor, with investors pouring into stocks at record levels. In the past five months alone, investors have purchased over $500 billion in stock funds, which is more than they purchased in the previous 12 years combined! The types of stocks being purchased are also more speculative in nature, with trading volume spiking dramatically for more risky penny stocks (stocks that trade under $1) and the performance of technology companies with negative earnings meaningfully outpacing their profitable counterparts.

While these trends in stocks are alarming, they are not necessarily new as speculation and risk-taking have been pervasive in stocks for some time. What was new was the meaningful loss in core bonds. While a 3.4% loss may not seem large enough to be labeled “meaningful,” this is an apt description when compared to the potential return on this investment. The Barclays Aggregate Bond Index, widely considered a broad measure of the traditional, or core, bond market with exposure to both U.S. government and corporate bonds, had an annual yield of 1.1% at the beginning of the year. Therefore, that 3.4% loss wiped out approximately three years’ worth of expected returns for investors. And that loss occurred in just three months, with interest rates increasing by only 0.5% for an ending yield of 1.6%. This 0.5% increase is a big move on a percentage basis but would be considered modest on a historical scale. The below chart tracks the nominal yield of the Barclays Aggregate over time and shows just how small this recent increase was when put in a historical context.

 

What Causes Interest Rates to Change?

So, with the above context, let’s revisit how Fed Chairman Powell could say that the Fed had no intention of raising interest rates while interest rates were already on the rise. While not a widely understood concept, the answer is that the Fed does not have complete control over interest rates. Technically, the Fed only has the ability to set short-term interest rates. It has tremendous influence and can try and manipulate long-term rates, but at the end of the day, long-term rates can be driven by other factors in the broad market.

Let’s explore some of the factors beyond the Fed that impact the direction of interest rates. As a reminder, interest rates are simply the cost of borrowing money from another entity. Low rates typically happen when there is a slow growth economy or even a recessionary environment. In these environments, there will be low demand for borrowing. Businesses will not be eager to expand, and perhaps individuals will not be eager to take on leverage, so rates stay low. So what do banks do? They lower interest rates even further to try to stimulate business and borrowing activity. Governments can also intervene to lower the interest rate targets that they control in an effort to stimulate economic growth.

On the other side of the coin, high rates are typically associated with an economy that is growing quickly. When an economy is strong, there is more demand for businesses to expand and consumers to spend, and this results in a higher demand to borrow. Because of this, banks and lenders can charge higher rates. This is part of the reason why rates have risen in recent months. Forecasts are coming out that economic growth in 2021 may be very strong. While it was expected that economic growth would be positive coming out of the recession we have been in, new expectations are pointing to even stronger growth than previously anticipated.

Another factor that could lead to higher rates is fear of unsustainable debt levels. Our country has been on an unprecedented spending and debt spree to combat the crisis that we have faced. Typically, when a country’s debt levels expand rapidly, as has happened of late, interest rates rise. This is for two main reasons. First, it comes down to the creditworthiness of the borrower. When a country piles on debt to unsustainable levels, a lender or buyer of that debt will demand a higher interest rate to compensate them for the increased risk they are taking on. However, it is almost unthinkable that the U.S. government would default on its debt payments, which leads us to the second reason why interest rates may rise when a country’s debt levels expand rapidly: potential inflation. The U.S. government has both the power of the printing press and the ability to continue to issue new debt to help pay for or refinance old debt. While these powers basically eliminate the possibility of the U.S. defaulting on its debt, the result is increasingly more dollars being printed and increasing debt levels with each passing year. If you are lending money to the U.S. government, this is not a comforting scenario. While, yes, you will get your money back at the end date, or maturity, of the loan, in the time that has passed, how many new dollars have been printed? With all of these new dollars in circulation, the concern is that the value of each of those dollars will erode over time and your future dollars are going to be worth less. Lenders that see this trend should demand higher interest rates to help compensate them for this risk.

 

Should Investors Be Worried about Inflation?

We have never seen fiscal spending and the issuance of new debt anywhere near the scale of what we have seen in the last year. The cumulative price tag for all the COVID-19 rescue packages issued to date is over $5 trillion and there is talk of another $2 trillion infrastructure package and even more stimulus to come. By the end of 2021, U.S. debt will be around $30 trillion, three times the level it was back in 2008.

Not only are debt levels ballooning but the money supply, or amount of money in circulation, has ballooned as well. The below chart tracks the annual percentage increase in dollars that have been created in the last 45 years.

On a historical basis, the annual increases in money supply are almost always above 0% and often close to 10%. The amount of money printed in the past year, however, is unprecedented. This is because the Fed is printing dollars to the tune of roughly $120 billion per month and purchasing our country’s debt to help finance all of the new spending programs. These massive new amounts of dollars filter their way through the economy, and the concern is that inflationary pressure will build. It is pretty simple: more dollars chasing the same assets, goods, and services will result in increased prices. We are already seeing increased asset prices (e.g., stocks and real estate) as a result of these policies, and the risk is that pressures are building so we will see increased prices with goods and services as well.

 

Morton’s Approach to Risk Management

If a 0.5% increase in interest rates can wipe out three years of returns for the broader bond market, what can investors do to protect themselves? As discussed previously, many investors are pouring into stocks because bonds are so unattractive and they have no real alternative. This strategy comes with a completely different set of risks as stocks continue to reach new all-time highs. Many investors need some component of fixed income in their portfolios to hopefully act as a ballast during periods of market volatility and also to act as a source of liquidity. So as much as investors may want to write bonds off completely as being unattractive, that may not be a viable solution for everyone.

At Morton, we have approached the liquid fixed income space with an emphasis on risk management. We can meaningfully reduce or eliminate our interest rate risk by not investing in bonds with longer-term maturities. In some instances, we can even invest in floating-rate bonds, where our returns will increase as interest rates rise. Certain less traditional bond strategies can also introduce different risk and return drivers from mainstream bonds, offering true diversification benefits for a portfolio. These same strategies often come with higher current cash flow as well, which is welcome in this low-interest-rate environment. These more opportunistic strategies are not without risks, but we feel that they are smarter risks than just sticking our head in the sand with long-term bonds and hoping that rates and inflation do not rise.

Our approach is well-suited to a challenging quarter like this last one, where traditional bonds took a big hit. The below chart illustrates the performance of all of Morton’s fixed income strategies for the quarter.

The funds grouped together in green typically target shorter-term, more stable bonds, while the blue grouping represents funds that we consider more opportunistic in nature. As designed, all of our strategies significantly outperformed the index (orange bar on graph) in a period of rising interest rates. Beyond the liquid space, we have also made significant allocations to private lending funds that we feel offer a compelling risk/return profile. When appropriate, we prefer to take on some liquidity risk as a substitute for traditional market risk as we feel this effectively accomplishes our goals of risk management, true diversification, and higher cash flow.

 

You Cannot Control the Wind, but You Can Adjust Your Sails.

This sailing proverb speaks to the current environment and the importance of recognizing both what we can and cannot control. Specifically, the winds of the market and the winds of the economy are circling around in lots of different directions. They are very unpredictable and in many ways are behaving differently from what historical data or norms would predict they should. In this unpredictable environment, it is more important than ever for us to adjust our sails—to manage risk and maintain our calm and resiliency even when the world around us is behaving erratically.

We can adjust our sails by avoiding traditional interest rate risk in our bond portfolios and limiting stock exposure in an environment where prices are being driven by speculation and hope for future growth. There are valid reasons to own stocks, as they could be beneficiaries in certain high-inflation environments, but there are also meaningful risks to stocks, and our focus is on finding investments that fit in with our philosophy and where we can analyze the fundamentals and control a larger number of variables. Integrating alternative assets that align with this philosophy is what we believe builds resilient portfolios for the long term.

Best Regards,

Morton Investment Team

 

Disclosures:

Information presented is for educational purposes only and is not intended as an offer or solicitation with respect to the purchase of any security or asset class. This presentation should not be relied on for investment recommendations. The private investment opportunities discussed herein are speculative and involve a high degree of risk. References to specific investments are for illustrative purposes only and should not be interpreted as recommendations to purchase or sell such securities.

Targets or other forecasts contained herein are based upon subjective estimates and assumptions about circumstances and events that may not yet have taken place and may never take place. If any of the assumptions used do not prove to be true, results may vary substantially from the target return. Targets are objectives, are shown for information purposes and should not be construed as providing any assurance as to the results that may be realized in the future from investments. Many factors affect performance including changes in market conditions and interest rates and changes in response to other economic, political, or financial developments. There is no guarantee that the investment objective will be achieved, and MC makes no representations as to the actual composition or performance of any security.

Although the information contained in this report is from sources deemed to be reliable, MC makes no representation as to the adequacy, accuracy or completeness of such information and it has accepted the information without further verification. No warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of such information.

Past performance is no guarantee of future results. All investments involve risk including the loss of principal.

 

Performance figures reflect the reinvestment of dividends and are net of fund fees, but do not reflect the deduction of MC investment advisory fees. Your returns may be reduced by the advisory fees incurred in the management of your account. For example, the deduction of a 1% advisory fee over a 10-year period would reduce a 10% gross return to an 8.9% net return. Performance for the period reflected is due to a variety of factors, including changes in market conditions and rising interest rates.

 

U.S Large Co Stocks:

S&P 500 Index

U.S. Gov’t 1-3 Yr. Bonds:

Barclays U.S. 1-3 Yr. Treasury Bond Index

U.S. Small Co. Stocks:

Russell 2000 Index

 Commodities:

Bloomberg Commodity Index

Developed Int’l Stocks:

MSCI EAFE Index

Emerging Market Int’l Stocks:

MSCI EM Index

Core U.S. Bonds:

Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index

R.E./REITs:           

FTSE NAREIT All REITs

The S&P 500 Index is widely regarded as the best single gauge of the U.S. equities market. The index includes a representative sample of 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. The S&P 500 Index focuses on the large-cap segment of the market; however, since it includes a significant portion of the total value of the market, it also represents the market.

The Bloomberg Barclays 1-3 Month U.S. Treasury Bill Index includes all publicly issued zero-coupon US Treasury Bills that have a remaining maturity of less than 3 months and more than 1 month, are rated investment grade, and have $250 million or more of outstanding face value. In addition, the securities must be denominated in U.S. dollars and must be fixed rate and non-convertible.

The Russell 2000 Index measures the performance of the 2,000 smallest companies in the Russell 3000 Index.

The Bloomberg Commodity Index and related sub-indices are composed of futures contracts on physical commodities and represents twenty-two separate commodities traded on U.S. exchanges, with the exception of aluminum, nickel, and zinc.

The MSCI EAFE Index (Europe, Australasia, Far East) is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed markets, excluding the US & Canada.

The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure equity market performance in the global emerging markets.

The Barclays Aggregate Bond Index is a market value-weighted index that tracks the daily price, coupon, pay-downs, and total return performance of fixed-rate, publicly placed, dollar-denominated, and nonconvertible investment grade debt issues with at least $250 million par amount outstanding and with at least one year to final maturity.

The Russell 1000 Growth Index measures the performance of those Russell 1000 companies with higher price-to-book ratios and higher forecasted growth values.

The Russell 1000 Value Index measures the performance of those Russell 1000 companies with lower price-to-book ratios and lower forecasted growth values.

The FTSE NAREIT All REITs Index includes all tax-qualified real estate investment trusts (REITs) that are listed on the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange, or the NASDAQ National Market List.

Quarterly Commentary – Q4 2020

Deus ex machina

One of the few, albeit minor, benefits to an epically challenging 2020 was when blockbuster movies started being released straight to our homes. For example, the new Wonder Woman 1984 appeared on HBO on Christmas Day, offering two hours and thirty-five minutes of escape from reality. We won’t rate the movie in this commentary, but (spoiler alert!) we will say that we were not fans of them bringing back Chris Pine’s deceased character using some silly gimmick in the plot.

This gimmick is also known as a deus ex machina, a Latin term that dates back to the dramas of ancient Greece and Rome. Merriam-Webster defines deus ex machina as a “person or thing that appears or is introduced suddenly and unexpectedly and provides a contrived solution to an apparently insoluble difficulty.” In other words, if you have a problem for which there is no solution, you simply change the rules to fix it. When this device is used in literature or media, it is often unsatisfying and uncomfortable for the audience. We may willingly suspend our belief to enjoy a new world with new rules (e.g., one with a superhuman Amazon running around with a truth lasso), but once the rules have been created for this new world, they should not keep changing every five minutes.

If it is frustrating when this happens in the movies, it is even more disconcerting when it happens in real life. In many ways, it feels like this phenomenon keeps appearing in the modern world of finance as fiscal and monetary authorities keep changing the rules by which the game is played. Some examples include interest rates being held at zero or negative levels or trillions of dollars/euros/yen being printed globally under new monetary theory that fiscal solvency is irrelevant. The extremes of 2020 only exacerbated these distortions of reality and it is tempting to shut your eyes to the manipulations and hope that our government really has found a way to defy the truths of finance. Hope, however, is not a sound strategy. Instead, we need to keep our eyes wide open to the imbalances and risks that exist in our world today. If those in charge keep changing the rules, then we need to be willing to find a different game.

 

Stocks continue defying the laws of gravity and common sense

Most probably would have guessed that a global pandemic would have been negative for the stock market. Not so! Fiscal stimulus, in conjunction with early and sweeping monetary stimulus by the Federal Reserve (Fed), created the easiest financial conditions on record and flooded the market with liquidity, driving stocks higher in 2020. The fourth quarter also saw the introduction of two high-efficacy COVID-19 vaccines by Pfizer and Moderna, as well as prospects for additional stimulus, which propelled risk assets to new heights by the close of the year.

So not only has the market recovered the steep losses first suffered when the extent of the pandemic became apparent in early 2020, but it has since surpassed pre-pandemic levels to a meaningful degree. This is in the face of declining earnings and a great deal of uncertainty about when and to what extent those earnings will recover. To be sure, there have been some “winners” that came out of 2020. The pandemic shock has been transformational for the economy, bifurcating it into “haves” and “have-nots.” This bifurcation has benefited the so called “stay-at-home” sectors of the market, in particular technology, while decimating other sectors such as retail, travel and entertainment. While some of these shifts may prove to be temporary, others will be permanent, and still others have accelerated longer-term trends that were already in place.

At the end of 2020, markets seemed to be pricing in a degree of optimism and certainty regarding the path forward that did not appear to reflect the underlying challenges facing the U.S. economy. In our opinion, uncertainty still remains elevated with respect to both the short-term path of the recovery as well as the long-term transformation of the post-pandemic economy. The discrepancy between stock performance and earnings in 2020 served to only further exacerbate stretched valuations. Also, it is important not to forget about the revolutionary amounts of debt it took to keep things afloat, which we believe will reverberate through future generations. Is this really an environment where it is logical for stocks to be making new all-time highs?

 

Investor speculation adds fuel to the fire

While massive government stimulus has been a major driver of the recovery in stocks, investor behavior has also played a key role. Historically, two main indicators that point to how investors are engaging in more speculative behavior are heightened margin levels and abundant initial public offerings (IPOs). Starting with margin, this is simply debt that brokerages extend to their account holders, using their existing securities as collateral. Past market peaks have tended to coincide with high levels of margin debt. This is not surprising as it is human nature to become greedy when stocks go up and borrow to buy even more stock. Toward the end of 2020, margin debt topped $700 billion, a new high and well above levels that have been seen since the dot-com bubble.

Also consistent with previous market pinnacles, private companies are going public at a heightened rate. As you can see in the chart below, 2020 has had many more IPOs than in recent history.

In a year of a global pandemic, where our economy collapsed in terms of output and we lost 20 million jobs in just a few months, does it make sense that the IPO market was robust? Perhaps it would have been more prudent for companies to take a breather and wait until there was more certainty surrounding their near-term futures. After all, look at the middle of the chart in 2008 and 2009, where IPO activity collapsed. This makes a lot more sense in an economic downturn. But not this time, because despite all the uncertainty, in 2020 investors have been eager to take a chance on pretty much any and all IPOs. It is irrelevant if these companies have earnings; in fact, looking at the numbers you would think it was discouraged since about 80% of these 2020 IPOs had negative earnings.

Far from caring about earnings, speculative investors have pushed these stocks higher, to the point where their valuations often reach ridiculous levels very quickly. An example of a recent IPO in this category is QuantumScape, an up-and-coming entrant into the electronic vehicle battery space. With Elon Musk and Tesla making headlines, this is obviously a very hot area of the market, so it is no wonder that this company attracted investor interest. But despite the company’s exciting potential, THEY HAVE YET TO SELL A SINGLE BATTERY. The technology, while very promising, is not yet proven. So what valuation did investors give this pre-revenue company? Nearly $50 billion. To put that in context, that market cap is roughly double the size of Panasonic, which is the battery maker for Tesla cars. Panasonic has a number of other business lines as well and has been around for decades, but the market likes shiny new toys in this speculative environment, so QuantumScape reached a height of $50 billion before getting slashed back down to a meager $20 billion.

Another hot 2020 IPO was Airbnb, the popular company that allows you to rent a home or apartment online. This was a company that got hit pretty hard with the pandemic and its revenue in 2020 was down a good amount from the year before. Also, on $2.5 billion of sales, it lost an impressive $700 million. This is a company that has never made a profit in a calendar year. Yet it was rewarded with a $100 billion valuation when it went public. To put that in perspective, Starbucks, a truly global brand and moneymaker, has a valuation of a little more than $100 billion. FedEx, a massive company that has done well during this pandemic, is worth about $70 billion. These types of IPO valuations are completely disconnected from reality and reflect a speculative fervor that has seized market participants, not dissimilar from the tech frenzy that gripped markets prior to the dot-com bubble bursting.

 

If you don’t like the rules, then change the game

Most investors need to make their investments work for them over the long term to meet their financial goals. Even for those who have large cushions built-in, it is still prudent to make sure that you can stay ahead of inflation, which we see as being a meaningful risk in the years ahead. So what is the solution when we are faced with an investment landscape that includes massive debt imbalances from government intervention and frenzied investor speculation? Though the situation with traditional markets seems dire, we are not intimidated and instead feel increasingly confident in our approach to portfolio management. Three key aspects to our approach include:

1) With traditional stocks, focus on what you can control.

While our target stock allocations are at their lowest in our firm’s history, this does not mean that we do not own any stocks. There are a number of reasons why stocks are a prudent part of a long-term portfolio, not the least of which is that if the Fed continues pumping money into the system, we could continue to see stocks benefit from asset price inflation. At the end of the day, we do not believe that this is a long-term recipe for success. But the proverbial end of the day could potentially be far off and, in the meantime, stocks can continue to benefit from the tremendous liquidity in the system. One key is making sure that stocks are at an appropriate level in the portfolio given their potential for meaningful volatility. Another key is making sure you maintain diversification and do not allow FOMO (fear of missing out) to push you to overweight the hottest, most overvalued tech stock in the market. Finally, while we cannot control market valuations and performance, there are some attributes of this investment that we can control: namely, fees and tax efficiency. If we access our stock allocations using vehicles with relatively low fees and high levels of tax efficiency, this can help maximize returns for the long run.

2) Take advantage of speculative behavior (safely) when you can.

While we have no interest in being swept up in the speculative fervor of negative-earning IPOs, that does not mean that there aren’t ways to profit from the space. An increasing number of companies are choosing to go public through the use of special purpose acquisition companies (SPACs). SPACs, also known as blank-check companies, are pools of capital raised by a sponsor, such as a well-known businessman or asset manager, with the goal of finding a company to take public. At the onset, a SPAC is funded entirely with Treasuries. The manager that Morton Capital utilizes in this space looks to take advantage of a structural inefficiency that allows investors to participate in the initial jump up in SPAC prices following the announcement of a deal without actually having to own the stock and assume the downside risk. Thus, investors can participate in some of the upside from these SPAC IPOs with the downside being the yield on Treasury bonds. Needless to say, there are quite a few moving parts to this strategy, as well as logistical requirements and minimum sizes. If you are interested in learning more, please contact your Morton Capital wealth advisor.

3) Lend on assets, not to zombies.

The more debt that piles up in the system, the riskier it is to loan money to companies that may be challenged when paying back that debt. The stock market is currently plagued with the highest level of zombie companies in its history (representing around 20% of the largest U.S. companies according to a late 2020 study by Bloomberg). A zombie company is defined as a company that generates insufficient earnings to pay its debt service and has to continually borrow to stay in business. Instead of lending to companies that need a constant supply of cheap debt to survive, our focus has been on making loans on tangible assets. This includes making private loans to companies that are cash-strapped but have real assets that can be sold if the company does not survive. It also includes making loans to borrowers on assets such as real estate, including mortgage loans in both the private and public markets. The key to any strong asset-based loan is how conservatively the manager values the collateral assets that back the loan and what type of cushion the manager leaves to account for any changing values over time. Another preference of ours is to invest in managers that make short- term loans for periods where there is better clarity around the values of the assets. In an environment where traditional bonds offer little reward with plenty of risk, finding managers with expertise in asset- based lending can add meaningful downside protection as well as opportunities for heightened cash flow.

We recognize that these are trying times with a great deal of uncertainty pervading all aspects of life. Instead of being intimidated by the uncertainty in financial markets, we hope that our clients feel empowered by our willingness to look beyond the traditional game, where the rules keep changing, and instead find investments with fundamentals that still make sense. If you have any questions about your portfolio or financial plan, please do not hesitate to reach out to your Morton Capital wealth advisor. As always, we appreciate your continued confidence and support.

Best Regards,

 

Disclosures

This commentary is mailed quarterly to our clients and friends and is for information purposes only. This document should not be taken as a recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any individual security or asset class, and should not be considered investment advice. This memorandum expresses the views of the author and are subject to change without notice. All information contained herein is current only as of the earlier of the date hereof and the date on which it is delivered by Morton Capital (MC) to the intended recipient, or such other date indicated with respect to specific information. Certain information contained herein is based on or derived from information provided by independent third-party sources. The author believes that the sources from which such information has been obtained are reliable; however, it cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information. Any performance information contained herein is for illustrative purposes only.

Certain investment opportunities discussed herein may only be available to eligible clients. References to specific investments are for illustrative purposes only and should not be interpreted as recommendations to purchase/ sell such securities. This is not a representation that the investments described are suitable or appropriate for any person. It should not be assumed that MC will make investment recommendations in the future that are consistent with the views expressed herein. MC makes no representations as to the actual composition or performance of any security.

The indices referenced in this document are provided to allow for comparison to well-known and widely recognized asset classes and asset class categories. YTD returns shown are from 12-31-2019 through 12-31-2020 and Q4 returns are from 10-01-2020 through 12-31-2020. Index returns shown do not reflect the deduction of any fees or expenses. The volatility of the benchmarks may be materially different from the performance of MC. In addition, MC’s recommendations may differ significantly from the securities that comprise the benchmarks. Indices are unmanaged, and an investment cannot be made directly in an index.

Past performance is not indicative of future results. All investments involve risk including the loss of principal. Details on MC’s advisory services, fees and investment strategies, including a summary of risks surrounding the strategies, can be found in our Form ADV Part 2A. A copy may be obtained at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov.

Quarterly Commentary – Q3 2020

In our third quarter 2020 client letter, we address four prevalent myths as they relate to financial markets and our clients’ portfolios:

Myth #1: The economy and the stock market have recovered
Myth #2: The stock market leaders (i.e., mega-cap tech stocks) will keep outperforming.
Myth #3: If [insert Democrats or Republicans] win the election, the stock market is doomed.
Myth #4: Stocks and bonds are good diversifiers.

To read the entire letter, click here or on the image below!

Quarterly Commentary – Q2 2020

Welcome to Wonderland

Adults and children alike are familiar with Lewis Carroll’s classic story, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, where the intrepid Alice ventures into a fantasy world that mixes the ridiculous with periodic insights into the human condition.  The story is one of the most well-known examples of the “literary nonsense” genre, which combines elements that make sense with others that do not.  In thinking about how to explain current events, certain anecdotes from the story offer some striking similarities.  If we lived in Wonderland, we might accept a market that is optimistically rising in the middle of a pandemic. But given that we do not live in Wonderland, we are staying consistent with our investment philosophy of risk management, true diversification, and cash flow, which has shown its resiliency in the first half of 2020 despite the wild roller coaster ride in the broader markets.

As the magnitude of the pandemic started becoming clear in early March, the financial markets fell into a bear market.  From its high in mid-February, the S&P 500 Index lost almost 35% in a span of five weeks, as volatility exceeded the turbulence of the Great Financial Crisis in 2008 and 2009.  Both the Federal Reserve (Fed) and the federal government reacted to the market downturn with aggressive policy responses that exceeded any other historical response (more on this later).  The extraordinary stimulus fueled a robust recovery in equity prices, though limited for the most part to larger companies in the United States.  From its low in late March, the S&P 500 Index rallied close to 40% to close down only 3.1% for the year by the end of the second quarter.  While other stock indices had a strong second quarter, most are still meaningfully negative on the year.

The table below summarizes the second-quarter performance for selected indices.

 

“Curiouser and Curiouser” 

After tumbling down the rabbit hole, Alice invents the word “curiouser” to try and describe the simultaneously fascinating and nonsensical world in which she finds herself. Our reality today bears similar attributes to this world of make-believe. All the economic news pundits out there keep talking about the different letter shapes that the economic recovery could take. Will the precipitous drop in economic activity be followed by an equally strong rebound, creating the ideal V-shaped recovery? Will economic growth flatline for some time, creating more of an “L” or, ultimately, a “U”? While the debate is still rampant as it relates to the fundamentals of the global economy, stock prices are looking more and more like a “V” as illustrated in the below chart of the S&P 500’s recent performance.

 

Fastest Stock Market Fall and Recovery in History

There is a real danger of confusing this stock market rebound with an economic recovery. While many stock prices have had a V-shaped recovery, valuations and underlying fundamentals tell a completely different story. Corporate earnings have been almost cut in half from pre-crisis levels. While unemployment has slowed its rise, it remains meaningfully elevated. Though numerous cities in the United States started to reopen a few weeks ago, spiking virus cases are sending many back into lockdown. These challenging fundamentals have made us wonder whether the “V” in stocks will turn into a “W” and retest previous lows.

There is a general perception out there that all this economic damage is temporary and will be reversed as soon as there is a vaccine or we get the virus under control. Unfortunately, though, we are already seeing more permanent damage to the economy in the form of spiking bankruptcies—and we are only a few months into this crisis. Many of these bankruptcies are big-name companies that most of you likely know: Hertz, J.Crew, Neiman Marcus, JCPenny, Cirque du Soleil, Pier 1 Imports, and 24 Hour Fitness. Most of the bankruptcies so far have been consumer-related companies, which does not bode well since the consumer accounts for two-thirds of all economic growth! With so much bad news on the actual economy, it is definitely “curiouser and curiouser” that the stock market continues to march higher, day after day, almost in defiance of reality.

 

The Stimulus Rabbit Hole

In the absence of improving fundamentals, the U.S. government’s aggressive response to the COVID-19 crisis seems to be the driving force behind the stock market’s recovery.  The below graph puts the current stimulus and policy response in context with spending that took place in previous crises.

These numbers are in today’s dollars, or, in other words, they are adjusted for inflation to make them apples to apples. And these numbers do not factor in the additional stimulus that is likely coming in the ensuing months. The CARES Act infused $2 trillion into the American economy and included assistance to businesses, states and localities; 159 million stimulus checks to individuals and families; and extra payments of $600 a week in unemployment benefits to tens of millions of Americans. The Fed entered the fray as well by employing their main tools designed to stimulate economic growth: lowering interest rates and buying bonds (with the goal of keeping long-term interest rates low). The Fed very quickly lowered short-term rates to zero and then launched a bond-buying campaign that is expanding its balance sheet to a parabolic degree. Already, the Fed has added $3 trillion to its balance sheet, pushing it up to an all-time high of $7 trillion, and it has all but promised to continue throwing money at the problem and do whatever it takes to get the economy back on track. The challenge is that with each economic bump in the road, it seems to be taking more and more extreme policy responses to keep the economy on track. As the Red Queen tells Alice, “It takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!”

By injecting massive stimulus, governments are once again contributing to speculative investor behavior that has further decoupled asset valuations from underlying fundamentals. This manifests itself in various forms, one example being the massive run-up in the stock prices of a handful of technology companies. The five largest stocks in the S&P 500 are Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, and Google. Toward the end of May, those five stocks were up 15% for the year while the other 495 stocks in the index were down 8%. While some of these companies have held up well or even prospered in the current crisis, their stocks are still escalating at a pace well beyond their current earnings growth trajectories. Not surprisingly, the increase in the stock market (coupled with Americans getting stimulus checks and no longer having professional sports to bet on) has corresponded with a spike in new accounts being opened at brokerage firms like Charles Schwab and E*TRADE. These new traders not only speculate on the darling tech companies, but have also jumped into distressed names. There has been very high trading volume in companies like Hertz, which declared bankruptcy in late May and subsequently saw a jump in its stock price from $1 up to $5, before it fell back down again, as these inexperienced day traders jumped in and out of a stock that is very likely worth $0 at the end of the day. Perhaps Alice would have been able to empathize with these traders when she declared, “Why, sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast.”

 

We Refuse to Play Croquet with a Flamingo

Investing in broader markets today, we can relate to how Alice must have felt playing “croquet” with the Queen, where the balls were hedgehogs and the mallets live flamingos. The rules of the game keep changing, but rather than give into the nonsensical, we are more determined than ever to find investments where the fundamentals still make sense.

An example of one such investment is the allocation that we made during the second quarter to a mutual fund that invests primarily in bonds backed by real estate. At the height of the volatility this year, these bonds traded down dramatically as certain holders were forced to sell to generate liquidity. The fundamentals, however, did not justify such dramatic price declines. When we dug deeper, we found that many of the bonds were backed by seasoned home mortgages that were outstanding prior to the 2008 crisis. These loans survived that crisis and now have 12 to 15 years of payment history, lower balances since they have been amortizing over time, and typically higher home values since real estate prices have appreciated. Pools of these mortgages had average loan-to-value ratios of approximately 55-60%, meaning that home prices would have to take major hits before the loans would be at risk of impairment. Because of the dramatic price declines these bonds saw earlier this year, they now yield income in the mid-single digits and have the potential for double-digit total returns as prices recover in the future.

Another example of sticking to the fundamentals is our allocation to gold. We have had an allocation to gold for some time but increased our target to this asset in late 2019. While we, of course, had no insight into the upcoming pandemic, we were increasingly concerned with the lack of discipline being exhibited by governments. This lack of discipline has only been magnified in the current environment, increasing our conviction in gold as a true store of value in an environment where more and more money is being printed every day. We think that this is an environment where the fundamentals support a strong outlook for gold.

We continue to look for other opportunities with solid fundamentals, but many of the investments that are currently on our radar are less liquid than those found in public markets. Even prior to the recent crisis, we were finding that willing investors could trade market risk for some degree of liquidity risk (i.e., an inability to immediately sell for cash). We believe these less liquid assets have the potential for more consistent long-term returns based on the fundamentals and offer investors an alternative to exposing themselves to the irrationality of investing in Wonderland. However, the amount of liquidity risk that is appropriate is going to vary for each individual’s portfolio. As we pursue a number of these new strategies in the coming months, we would strongly encourage you to revisit your financial plan. Your plan is essential in determining how much liquidity risk is appropriate for your personal situation. It is also a great time to revisit your risk tolerance and ask yourself how much volatility you are comfortable within your portfolio. We just went through a roller coaster ride in the stock market; if you found yourself nervous and losing sleep over it, it may make a lot of sense to take some risk off the table now that asset prices have had a strong recovery.

Please do not hesitate to contact your Morton Capital wealth advisory team if you have any questions or would like to review your portfolio or financial plan in more detail. As always, we appreciate your continued confidence and trust.

Morton Capital Investment Team

 

 

Disclosures

This commentary is mailed quarterly to our clients and friends and is for information purposes only.  This document should not be taken as a recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any individual security or asset class, and should not be considered investment advice. This memorandum expresses the views of the author and are subject to change without notice. All information contained herein is current only as of the earlier of the date hereof and the date on which it is delivered by Morton Capital (MC) to the intended recipient, or such other date indicated with respect to specific information. Certain information contained herein is based on or derived from information provided by independent third-party sources. The author believes that the sources from which such information has been obtained are reliable; however, it cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information. Any performance information contained herein is for illustrative purposes only.

Certain private investment opportunities discussed herein may only be available to eligible clients and can only be made after careful review and completion of applicable offering documents. Private investments are speculative and involve a high degree of risk.

The indices referenced in this document are provided to allow for comparison to well-known and widely recognized asset classes and asset class categories. Q3 returns shown are from 06-28-2019 through 09-30-2019 and the year-to-date returns are from 12-31-2018 through 09-30-2019.  Index returns shown do not reflect the deduction of any fees or expenses. The volatility of the benchmarks may be materially different from the performance of MC.  In addition, MC’s recommendations may differ significantly from the securities that comprise the benchmarks.  Indices are unmanaged, and an investment cannot be made directly in an index.

Past performance is not indicative of future results.  All investments involve risk including the loss of principal. Details on MC’s advisory services, fees and investment strategies, including a summary of risks surrounding the strategies, can be found in our Form ADV Part 2A. A copy may be obtained at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov.

Quarterly Commentary – Q1 2020

“Weathering the Storm Together”

It is shocking how our lives have changed so dramatically in the span of a few weeks. While these are unprecedented and challenging times, we are grateful that everyone at Morton Capital and their families are safe and healthy. We hope that you and your families are as well. Beyond our company, we are heartened to see the strong spirit of cooperation on display every day in our larger community: hospital personnel and medical professionals exhibiting courage and dedication; pharmaceutical firms rushing to develop a vaccine; industrial companies shifting their businesses to manufacture ventilators; and even a beer brewery helping to produce hand sanitizer and giving it away for free to first responders. We may be isolated in our homes, but we are all truly in this together. We feel confident that we will emerge from this pandemic a stronger firm and community.

 

“The Bull Market Hits the Illiquidity Wall”

In a 180-degree reversal from 2019, volatility spiked and risk assets fell sharply during the first quarter of 2020. The U.S. equity market drop of over 30% from its February peak was the fastest such decline on record. The S&P 500 Index either rose or fell at least 4% in eight consecutive trading sessions, the longest streak in history. Given the sharp stock rally in the last week of the quarter, the S&P 500’s 19.6% loss appeared somewhat tame, especially as compared to broader markets: U.S. smaller company and value stocks and developed and emerging international stocks all experienced meaningfully higher losses. While the negative demand shock affected most commodities, oil was especially hard hit as it collapsed over 65% to the low $20s per barrel. Gold was one bright spot, up close to 4.0% during the quarter after a strong year in 2019. The table below summarizes the first-quarter performance for selected indices versus 2019.

While stock markets and commodities experienced significant volatility, the more unexpected story was the corresponding carnage in bond markets. While U.S. government bonds were up modestly, other major categories of bonds experienced significant losses. The below chart looks at the decline in various bond categories in 2020 as compared to their maximum drawdown during the 2008 crisis as well as their recovery when the markets rebounded in 2009:

Certain types of bonds will undoubtedly face challenges if the current economic climate worsens. However, the sharp selloff in bonds was not only driven by concerns for the future, but also by a wave of forced selling that sucked up all the liquidity in the bond markets. Counterintuitively, higher-quality bonds actually took some of the largest hits since that is where desperate sellers rushed believing that they would have the most liquidity. At this stage, certain bond securities seem to be oversold, as they also were back in 2008. The above chart demonstrates that opportunistic and patient investors who saw this as an opportunity back then were ultimately rewarded with equity-like upside when conditions in bond markets stabilized in 2009. We believe that we are with the right managers to capitalize on these types of moves. We currently have meaningful allocations to bond funds that we categorize as “tactical fixed income,” meaning that the managers have broad mandates to move in and out of various bond market segments depending upon where they see opportunities. These managers are now in a position to take advantage of the current market disruption if they believe it presents an opportunity for the longer term.

 

“Redefining Money at Ludicrous Speed”

In the classic Star Wars spoof, Spaceballs, light speed is not fast enough for Rick Moranis’s evil Dark Helmet. He insists that his spaceship jump to ludicrous speed, causing them to overshoot and lose their quarry. Similarly, recent events feel like they have been played out at ludicrous speed, starting with the fastest 30% decline on record for stock markets, followed up with a comparably fast and drastic monetary and fiscal policy response.

Back in the 2008 financial crisis, various government programs were rolled out by the Federal Reserve (“Fed”) and federal government over many months. In the current environment, government programs to shore up the economy and markets have been launched at a rapid-fire pace. The Fed has announced what equates to unlimited quantitative easing (or “QE”), which is a program where it essentially prints money to provide liquidity to the system. It accomplishes this by buying various securities, ranging from treasuries to corporate bonds, which aims to keep interest rates low and stimulate economic activity. QE was a favorite tool of the Fed’s back in 2008 after it lowered interest rates to zero and ran out of traditional stimulus methods. The scope of this current QE, though, makes the QE from 2008 look like child’s play. The Fed’s balance sheet has already increased to over $5 trillion and is projected to double to over $10 trillion by the end of 2020. These types of numbers are inconceivable in their size. Back in March of 2009, the entire global stock market was valued at around $27 trillion total. Today, we are talking about the Fed, just one of many central banks globally, owning assets of over $10 trillion. These types of policy moves are doing more than just stimulating economies and markets; they are redefining money. Money has historically been thought of as a store of value, but that definition is totally incongruous with the way it is being used today as trillions of dollars (and other currencies around the globe) are created out of thin air to stem the current crisis. The point is not that stimulus is not necessary given the extremity of the current crisis, but rather that there will ultimately be a cost.

 

“Focus On What We Can Control”

While there are many things outside our control in the current environment, there is also much that we can control about our own situations and how we respond to upcoming events. The recent stock and bond market volatility created an excellent opportunity for investors to reexamine and reaffirm their risk profiles. It is natural for investors to think they can handle more risk when markets are going up with very little interruption, as they had for the past decade. But recent events are a better measure of how much volatility investors can handle. Did this latest turbulence keep you up at night or were you confident in your long-term plan? Did you have the urge to get out of risky asset classes or were you comfortable with how your portfolio was positioned? When it comes to risk tolerance, there are two essential components: how much risk you should take to meet your goals and how much risk you are willing to take. The first component is a function of more objective criteria like your time horizon, spending needs and other data that can be input into your financial plan. The second component is all about emotions, but in spite of that it is an equally important part of the equation. Even if your financial plan dictates that you can have a more aggressive portfolio, if emotionally you cannot handle big swings, then that positioning may not be appropriate for you. After all, the best portfolio for you is one you can stick with, in good times and in bad.

Another important situation within our control is whether we have sufficient liquidity or emergency funds to meet our short-term cash needs. Certain asset classes like stocks, or even riskier bonds, are technically liquid on a daily basis. But just because you can sell daily does not mean that it is a good idea. On a short-to intermediate-term basis, stocks in particular should not be thought of as a source of liquidity. Instead, investors should have sufficient liquidity outside of their portfolios to meet their needs and handle any smaller emergencies that may arise. This prevents forced selling at the wrong time.

Finally, we can control how we allocate our portfolios and whether we are positioned aggressively or defensively in any given environment. When risks are heightened, as at present, we believe it is time to be defensive. Rather than avoiding risk (e.g., going to cash), this means favoring asset classes that we feel have more attractive risk/return characteristics than those of traditional stocks and bonds. While alternative assets are not immune to current events, they are typically much less sensitive than those traditional assets. We are in touch with all of our various managers and are monitoring the impact of current events on their portfolios closely. We believe that we are with the right managers that have the right mindset to face these types of challenges. The first order of business is protecting what we have, but if things deteriorate further, there will undoubtedly be opportunities for the longterm as well. We will continue to look beyond short-term noise towards how we can best protect and grow our clients’ assets for the longterm.

Please do not hesitate to contact your Morton Capital wealth advisory team if you have any questions or would like to review your portfolio or financial plan in more detail. As always, we appreciate your continued confidence and trust.

Morton Capital Investment Team

 

 

Disclosures

This commentary is mailed quarterly to our clients and friends and is for information purposes only.  This document should not be taken as a recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any individual security or asset class, and should not be considered investment advice. This memorandum expresses the views of the author and are subject to change without notice. All information contained herein is current only as of the earlier of the date hereof and the date on which it is delivered by Morton Capital (MC) to the intended recipient, or such other date indicated with respect to specific information. Certain information contained herein is based on or derived from information provided by independent third-party sources. The author believes that the sources from which such information has been obtained are reliable; however, it cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information. Any performance information contained herein is for illustrative purposes only.

Certain private investment opportunities discussed herein may only be available to eligible clients and can only be made after careful review and completion of applicable offering documents. Private investments are speculative and involve a high degree of risk.

The indices referenced in this document are provided to allow for comparison to well-known and widely recognized asset classes and asset class categories. Q3 returns shown are from 06-28-2019 through 09-30-2019 and the year-to-date returns are from 12-31-2018 through 09-30-2019.  Index returns shown do not reflect the deduction of any fees or expenses. The volatility of the benchmarks may be materially different from the performance of MC.  In addition, MC’s recommendations may differ significantly from the securities that comprise the benchmarks.  Indices are unmanaged, and an investment cannot be made directly in an index.

Past performance is not indicative of future results.  All investments involve risk including the loss of principal. Details on MC’s advisory services, fees and investment strategies, including a summary of risks surrounding the strategies, can be found in our Form ADV Part 2A. A copy may be obtained at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov.

Quarterly Commentary – Q3 2019

“May You Live in Interesting Times”

The above phrase is an English translation of a traditional Chinese omen.  While it seems like a blessing, it is actually meant ironically and foreshadows a period of disorder and trouble. The omen feels appropriate given our current era of political and economic instability.  With the combination of continued trade tensions between the U.S. and China, slowing global growth, the re-emergence of hyperactive central banks and rising geopolitical uncertainty, things are a little more interesting than we would like.

Yet despite these forces of turmoil, both stock and bond markets have continued their steep ascent.  Most major stock indices are up double digits for the year, and even core bonds are up a surprising 8.5% for just the first nine months of 2019.  The third quarter did start to show some cracks, however, as smaller U.S. stocks and international stocks lost some ground even as large U.S. stocks and core bonds posted relatively strong performance.  The standout asset class for the quarter, though, was gold, as the proliferation of negative-yielding bonds has made the case for owning gold even stronger. The table below summarizes the third-quarter and year-to-date (YTD) performance for selected indices.

“But Why Is the Rum Gone?”

The 2003 film Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl saw a motley crew of pirates (led by Johnny Depp’s Captain Jack Sparrow) hunting for treasure, but also with a running gag about the pirates’ desperation for more rum.  Investors today are thirsty for yield in a similarly desperate fashion.  While the precipitous drop in interest rates so far this year has resulted in strong price appreciation for bonds, investors are now asking themselves, “But why is the yield gone?”

The yield on 10-year U.S. Treasury bonds collapsed from 2.68% at the beginning of the year down to 1.67% by the end of the third quarter. The cause of the drop is mainly due to slowing global growth and international trade.  While these heightened risks have dented CEO confidence and business investment activity, U.S. consumers (accounting for 70% of the U.S. economy) have remained resilient in their outlook and spending.  The Federal Reserve seemed to err more on the side of concern, cutting rates twice during the quarter.  Significantly, global central banks are once again using monetary policy as a panacea for all problems.  Their re-introduction of unconventional monetary policies has resulted in record levels of negative-yielding bonds, with roughly 27% of global bonds sporting negative yields by the end of the third quarter.

How Can a Bond Yield Be Negative?

Negative interest rates are a remarkable and counterintuitive concept.  The only reason this concept exists is that central banks across the globe are desperately trying to stimulate their economies, and negative rates are a key part of their plan to force banks to increase their lending activity.  Historically, banks that chose to hold higher levels of cash reserves would make some positive return on those reserves.  However, both the European Central Bank and the Bank of Japan have set those reserve rates at negative levels.  The central banks hope that charging banks to keep their money idle will incentivize them to lend the money to businesses and consumers, thus stimulating their respective economies.

Negative rates on these bank reserves are one thing, but negative-yielding bonds are a different animal altogether.  In a normal environment, lenders receive interest on their loans as compensation for the default risk that they are taking on.  That rate of compensation varies, of course, depending upon the perceived level of risk.  A negative-yielding bond, on the other hand, is typically issued with zero percent yield and at a price above par. By the time the bond matures, the price will drop back down to par, ensuring that the investor who holds the bond to maturity will incur a loss.  A numeric example would be an investor who pays $102 for a bond yielding 0% that matures at a price of $100.  If that investor holds the bond to maturity, he or she will lose $2, resulting in an effectively negative yield or return.

Given the above, one may wonder who in their right mind would buy negative-yielding bonds?  There are a number of non-economic or forced buyers out there, such as European banks and index funds, which must invest in government bonds for regulatory or investment policy reasons.  In addition, speculative buyers may purchase these bonds to try and profit from potential price appreciation, but do not intend to hold these bonds to maturity.

Why Do Negative Bond Yields Matter?

There are potential consequences to this strange experiment with negative rates and yields.  The most obvious has been the steep appreciation in the prices of risk assets (e.g., stocks, bonds, real estate, etc.) as savers have been forced to take on more risk to maintain their lifestyles.  For example, the yields on bank CDs and Treasury bonds no longer meet most savers’ income needs so they are forced to seek higher-yielding returns in the stock market. This has led to a decoupling of asset prices from the underlying fundamentals and heightened valuations.  Also, with the proliferation of cheap debt, corporations have become over-leveraged to the point where many companies will be vulnerable to defaults when rates eventually rise.  Most importantly, however, we believe that these types of extreme policies have actually suppressed the very economic growth that central banks are trying to create.  With cheap debt comes the misallocation of capital.  What that means is that weak companies are able to survive much longer than they should be able to, which in turn takes away growth opportunities from stronger companies.  The end result is that weak companies that should go out of business end up puttering along, thereby keeping stronger companies from flourishing as they should.

Unsurprisingly, there is no convincing evidence that setting short-term policy rates to zero or below and buying large amounts of longer-term bonds has stimulated the economies of Europe and Japan.  These policies were effective short-term tools in the aftermath of the Great Recession to stabilize financial markets.  However, the two long-term drivers of any country’s economic growth are productivity and the growth of its labor force.  With productivity stagnant over the past decade, population growth has become even more important than in decades past.  Population growth trends, however, are negative in both Japan and the developed European countries.  In the U.S., structural changes within the economy and a slowing immigration trend have also combined to reduce growth potential relative to the past half-century.

There is no way to know how long traditional stock and bond markets will continue to run without any apparent regard for the fundamentals.  While it seems like an obvious decision not to invest in negative-yielding debt, it is somewhat less obvious where to invest given the heightened levels of risk and the wide ranges of return scenarios with more traditional asset classes.  In view of this, we have chosen to position our client portfolios away from traditional core bonds and focus instead on specialized segments of the bond market in an attempt to generate reasonable returns regardless of what happens with interest rates.  We have also chosen to trade market risk for illiquidity in a portion of client portfolios as these less liquid investments are often driven by factors beyond just economic growth and interest rate movements.  In interesting times such as these, the more true diversification and consistency we can incorporate into portfolios, the better we sleep at night.

Please do not hesitate to contact your Morton Capital wealth advisory team if you have any questions or would like to review your portfolio or financial plan in more detail.  As always, we appreciate your continued confidence and trust.

Morton Capital Investment Team

 

 

Disclosures

This commentary is mailed quarterly to our clients and friends and is for information purposes only.  This document should not be taken as a recommendation, offer or solicitation to buy or sell any individual security or asset class, and should not be considered investment advice. This memorandum expresses the views of the author and are subject to change without notice. All information contained herein is current only as of the earlier of the date hereof and the date on which it is delivered by Morton Capital (MC) to the intended recipient, or such other date indicated with respect to specific information. Certain information contained herein is based on or derived from information provided by independent third-party sources. The author believes that the sources from which such information has been obtained are reliable; however, it cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information. Any performance information contained herein is for illustrative purposes only.

Certain private investment opportunities discussed herein may only be available to eligible clients and can only be made after careful review and completion of applicable offering documents. Private investments are speculative and involve a high degree of risk.

The indices referenced in this document are provided to allow for comparison to well-known and widely recognized asset classes and asset class categories. Q3 returns shown are from 06-28-2019 through 09-30-2019 and the year-to-date returns are from 12-31-2018 through 09-30-2019.  Index returns shown do not reflect the deduction of any fees or expenses. The volatility of the benchmarks may be materially different from the performance of MC.  In addition, MC’s recommendations may differ significantly from the securities that comprise the benchmarks.  Indices are unmanaged, and an investment cannot be made directly in an index.

Past performance is not indicative of future results.  All investments involve risk including the loss of principal. Details on MC’s advisory services, fees and investment strategies, including a summary of risks surrounding the strategies, can be found in our Form ADV Part 2A. A copy may be obtained at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov.